TOURS to BAIKAL
sammer and winter 2016 -2017
Have you ever dreamt to travel to Siberia? Have you ever thought of visiting Baikal – the deepest Lake in the world?
With our Russian tours you can see Baikal!
Lake Baikal is the oldest and the deepest freshwater lake in the world (more than 5,000 feet (1637 meters) deep in the most profound part). The bottom of the Baikal cavity is 1200 meters below the ocean level and it is the lowest place of the globe. The lake cavity contains almost the fifth part of all the fresh water on the Earth. Besides, Baikal is the purest on the Earth natural storehouse of fresh potable water. The water is so clean and transparent, that you could easily see the bottom contour through many meters of water depth.
Lake Baikal is situated in the Asian part of Russia, it curves for nearly 400 miles through the South-Eastern Siberia. Geologists say Baikal today shows what the seaboards of North America, Africa and Europe looked like as they started to split apart millions of years ago. According to estimations, Lake Baikal formed about 20-25 million years ago, during the Mesozoic period. The crystalline clear waters of the lake, blue-colored in spring and emerald green in summer, are surrounded by high snowcapped mountains and breathtaking nature with the taiga forests that are home to thousands of species of plants and animals, many of which exist nowhere else in the world. In 1996 Baikal was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The small villages of the area are still outposts of tranquility and self-reliance.
Due to its remote location in Siberia, Lake Baikal is not the most frequent destination among tours to Russia, but anyways Baikal tours offer unique sightseeing and tourist opportunities. There are different ways to get here. Usually tourists reach Baikal from one of the closest big cities: Irkutsk, where an international airport is situated, Ulan-Ude or Severobaikalsk, that are on the way of the famous Trans-Siberian railway. The most popular destination of Baikal tours is the village Listvyanka, which is 65 km away from Irkutsk. This area has a number of good hotels and tourist attractions, making it a preferred point for visitors. More audacious travellers may reach other far-away Baikal destinations, such as the town Sludianka with its railway station completely built of marble, Baikalsk, where it is possible to ski along the mountain trail or observe the beautiful landscapes from the ski-lift. Following the Baikal coast it is possible to admire beautiful nature and relax near the thermal springs, or to visit one of the numerous islands, for example the big island Olkhon with several villages on it and forests populated by deer, brown bears and various birds,or Ushkany, where the Baikal seals live. In winter time the Olkhon island can be reached from the village Kurkut on the mainland along a unique ice road that is built by specialists every year.
The climate around Lake Baikal is much milder than in the rest of the Southern Siberia. The lake freezes over from January until May or June, but its surface temperature in August is between 50 and 54°F (10–12°C). Only the most courageous and hard-tempered people get a swim in it. Lake Baikal’s water is very clear because it contains very few mineral salts. From the surface it is possible to see objects 130 feet (40 meters) below. This clarity is maintained by large numbers of planktonic animals eating floating debris. In spite of its great depth the water in the lake is well mixed, and oxygen is plentiful even in the bottom waters.
When travelling to Russia, get one of the Baikal tours 2016’2017, and come to see oldest and the deepest lake Baikal, also called “the Pearl of Siberia”!